This post continues on the theme of self-efficacy, our beliefs about our capability to perform specific tasks or actions, which also has an important impact on our psychological wellbeing.
As noted last week, much research has been conducted on the 4 major psychological processes through which self-efficacy affects human functioning and hence can be increased. Last week I started on the first two:
1. Cognitive Processes: The importance of intentional behaviour, forethought and valued goals.
Today I will continue on
2. Motivational Processes, which is about the importance of self-motivation, expectations of performance and the likely outcomes, which impacts goalsetting and corresponding planning of activities.
Motivation based on goals or personal standards is governed by three types of self influences:
self-satisfying and self-dissatisfying reactions to one’s performance
– perceived self-efficacy for goal attainment
– readjustment of personal goals based on one’s progress
Self-efficacy beliefs contribute to motivation in several ways:
1. They determine the goals people set for themselves
2. how much effort they expend
3. how long they persevere in the face of difficulties
4. their resilience to failures
When faced with obstacles and failures people who have self-doubts about their capabilities slacken their efforts or give up quickly. Those who have a strong belief in their capabilities exert greater effort when they fail to master the challenge. Strong perseverance contributes to performance accomplishments.
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